Article 21- A of the Indian Constitution

       Topic: Article 21- A of the Indian Constitution.

                      Article 21-A

The Constitution (eighty-sixth Amendment Act 2002) inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and  and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a fundamental right in such a manner as a state may ,by law determine.


The constitution 86th amendment act of 2002 added article 21 A constitution of India requiring each state to provide child between the ages of 6 to 14 years has the right to free & compulsory education. This  declares education to be a fundamental rights protected by part lll of the constitution. The right education act, 2009,sometimes referred to as the RTE Act ,was approved by the Indian parliament on August 4th 2009 and  came into force in 2010.

Right to Education as Fundamental Rights.

   The Directive principles of state policy included universal education under article 45 , and although the members of the constituent assembly recognised it’s importance , they  were unable to guarantee it as a fundamental right due to a lack of funds.

In the 1993 case of unni krishnan vs. state of andhra pradesh the Indian court system attempted to add the right to education as a competent of the right to life. The Indian parliament also granted the right to as education to the country’s  future  citizens by a constitutional amendment that was approved in 2002 by inserting a new article 21-A in the constitution.

The right education Act,2009 , sometimes referred to as RTE Act, was approved by the Indian parliament on August 4th, 2009. Indian children ages 6 to 14 must get free and compulsory education , as  stated in article 21 A  of the Indian constitution. By putting this Act into  effect on April 1st ,2010, Indian became one of the 135 countries that have declared that every kid has a basic right to an education.

List of the articles of the Indian constitution related to Right to education :

Article 21-A

Article 15

Article 38

Article 45

Article 29(2)

Article 30.

* 86 th constitutional Amendment Act, 2002.

TO make it clearer that children between the ages of 6 to 14  have a basic right to free and compulsory education, the 86 th Amendment Act of 2002 addded three explicit sections to the Constitution. The goal of this amendment was to safeguard citizen’s rights to education and to take into account India’s education difficulties.

ย ย  The inclusion of Articles 21-A in part lol of the Indian Constitution states every child hasย  the right to a full-time elementary education of appropriate and equitable quality in a formal school that complies with certain fundamental norms and criteria.

Article 21- A of the Indian Constitution.
Article 21- A of the Indian Constitution

The state shall endeavour to ensure early childhood care and free and mandatory education for all children up to the age of six, ” According to the new provision in Article 45.

The addition of a new clause Article 51 A (K ) under part IV A (fundamental duties ) make it explicity mandatory for parents to provide opportunities for their  children of ages between 6 and 14 to get the opportunity of an education.

*Information taken from the Google from different websites.

Author: G. K. TEJASWANI 

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