The impact of AI is a phenomenon where actions once thought needed “intelligence” are frequently taken out of the purview of AI as machines grow more and more competent. Although it remains in its infancy, the application of AI in the legal system is gradually being embraced by many nations, law firms, and judiciaries together.

By highlighting legal flaws in judgements, offering aid with the preparation of contractual records, performing proper diligence, giving legal analytics, etc., it offers cost-effective alternatives to legal professionals. According to this, AI can help reduce the workload of the judicial branch particularly in instances involving minor violations, while letting the more difficult matters to be adjudicated by human judges.


Since its establishment as a field of study in 1956, artificial intelligence has gone through numerous periods of optimism, which were followed by disillusionment and a reduction in financing, following by new strategies, achievement, and increased spending.

Throughout its history, AI research has experimented with a wide range of methodologies, include brain simulation, modelling individual resolving issues formal reasoning, vast information libraries, and behavior of animals’ imitation. High quantitative mathematical machine learning took over the subject in the early years of the twenty-first century. This method has been very effective in solving numerous challenging issues in the academic and industrial sectors. The idea that human intellect “can be described with such accuracy that a machine can be created to imitate it” served as the foundation for the study.

This sparks intellectual debates on the nature of the mind and the morality of developing intelligent artificial entities. Since ancient times, mythology, fictitious, and literature have all addressed these concerns. With its immense potential and influence, fiction about science and futurology have also proposed that AI may endanger the survival of humanity.

The IBM-developed AI Ross, which is frequently utilized by law firms around the globe, but especially in the USA, is largely employed to review legal agreements, carry out legal studies, and succinctly summarize cases.


Although there are no particular data protection rules in India, Sections 43A and 72A of the Information Technology Act secure private information. Similarly, to GDPR, it provides a right to compensate for unauthorized sharing of private data. The right to privacy was deemed a fundamental right guaranteed by the Indian Constitution in 2017 by the Supreme Court.

In 2035, AI has the potential to increase GDP by 957 billion US dollars, which is approximately 15% of India’s present gross domestic product. In the years yet to come, AI will be capable to affect every person’s life in some manner. NITI Aayog, the policy commission, launched a number of programs on the use of AI in 2018.

The recently released New Education Policy places a strong emphasis on starting imparting programming to pupils as early as Class VI. In the coming years, India will serve as a center for cutting-edge artificial intelligence (AI) innovations. Probably the initial law practice in India to apply AI, that is mainly utilized to assess and improve contracts as well as other legal agreements, is Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas. Ex-CJI SA Bobde also discussed the topic and has argued for increased AI application in the court system, particularly in the area of case administration and judgement.

Yet, in countries that are developing like India, resistance to this novel development may prevent the regularization of AI utilization. There is also concern that AI could have negative effects, especially in an undeveloped country like India, where a lot of individuals are ignorant and living in hardship.


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