Rosher vs. Rosher, 1884

In belongings regulation, the Rosher vs. Rosher case become a landmark decision under segment 10 of Transfer of Property Act, 1882. J.B Rosher’s will contain disposition made via testamentary, concerning stipulation as to while or how his sons and heirs ought to promote or rent his land.


   Rosher vs. Rosher deals with partial and absolute restraints in alienation of assets. It’s far one of the leading case which is stated until date in Indian Judgement as well. Being a strong authority on this exceptionally debated vicinity provide tons needed clarity.

possession of the property consists of with it positive fundamental rights, inclusive of a proper to have the identify to the belongings, a right to own and revel in it to the exclusion of anyone else, and right to alienate it without being dictated to, keep in accordance with provision of law. An absolute right to eliminate the assets shows that the proprietor can sell it for consideration or can donate it for spiritual or charitable motive he may also present it to anybody, loan it or positioned it up for lease. shop with the assist of regulation, no other man or woman can interfere with this energy or proper of the owner or dictate to him, what must be manner of alienation this is one in all fundamental rights proprietor cannot be unreasonably encroached upon with the aid of everybody via a personal settlement. This standard rule is relevant despite there being an specific agreement to the opposite, and forestalls the transferor from controlling the power of alienation of the transferee as soon as the hobby inside the assets is transferred.

The quantity to which someone shifting actual private belongings may limit its subsequent disposition by the transferee has for hundreds of years been a problem troubling the courts. Regulations upon the grantee’s right to switch the property, at any time, to whomsoever he may additionally choose, and in something way he might also select, are referred to as “restraints on alienation”.  

Fact of the Case.

  • J.B. Rosher, in his will from twenty sixth November 1872, made the following arrangements.
  •  He left his manor and all his different real estate to his son, jeremiah Liburn Rosher, and his descendants 
  • but, if his son or heirs desired to promote the assets while J.B. Rosher’s spouse become nonetheless alive, she had the option to buy it at a fair rate, to begin with set at $ 3600 or a proportional quantity for any part of it.
  • She has the first proper to buy at this fee.
  • J.B. Rosher additionally stated that if his son or heirs determined to rent out the belongings or any a part of it, they may do so for up three years.
  • After this period, his wife had the choice to live there for extra than 3 years at nominal lease. If the belongings changed into rented for extra than seven years, she changed into entitled to an amount rent of $ 35, and this rent had to be supplied to her first.
  •  Furthermore, it was a requirement for the son and his heirs to offer the belongings to the widow first. If she declined handiest then should they provide it to others
  •  J.B. Rosher exceeded away on November 26 1874. The case changed into introduced to court by using widow against his son. 


  • whether in keeping with the real production of the need, the son and his heirs can promote or to loan or fee the belongings without first presenting the widow the option to buy the premises so intended to be sold or to be mortgaged or changed at the price named in the will or at a proportionate rate.
  • Whether the availability and guidelines contained inside the will in reference to the choice of buy were null and void?
  • whether or not or not, in line with the genuine production of the will, the son became entitled to permit the premises, or any component thereof, for a longer term than three years, or the premises, for a long duration than seven years, without first offering to the widow the option of renting the equal respectively as directed by using the need? 

 The courtroom had to determine whether or no longer Jeremiah junior and now his descendants ought to promote loan or fee upon the belongings without first making a suggestion to sell or rent it returned to their wife as required under the wills act. Moreover, that they had additionally interrogated whether or not the ones clause inside the will as worried sale alternative. 

Judicial Observations and decision:

It turned into found by way of the court mandating disposal at a far lesser price amounted to an absolute prohibition at some stage in her lifestyles time consequently it became invalid. They argued that anything fraction of the wroth sold at no matter what marketplace value would be tantamount to now not promoting at all just like “you shall not promote throughout widow’s life”.

 Implications of the Judgment:

Rosher vs. Rosher set down a crucial benchmark in property law. It distinguished any circumstance which absolute restraints further transfer is void ab intio. This ruling is big in knowledge the scope and limitations of testamentary freedom, especially in enforcing situation on property alienation. It serves as lynchpin in building segment 10 of the switch of belongings Act which offers with restraints on alienation.

Section 10 of Transfer of Property Act: Condition Restraining Alienations

In which belongings is transferred concern to a situation or barriers absolutely restraining the transferee or any person calming under him from parting with or disposing of his hobby inside the belongings, the situation or difficulty is void, besides inside the case of a lease in which the situation is for benefit of the lessor or those calming underneath him: furnished that assets may be transferred to or for the advantage of a girls (now not being a Hindu, Muhammadan or Buddhist), so that she shall now not have strength during her marriage to switch or fee the identical or her beneficial hobby therein.


 Rosher vs. Rosher stands for milestone verdict that defines to what extent testamentary inclinations should burden property switch. It emphasizes the legal precept that a testator has huge range in directing his or her property’s use and transfer but such liberty isn’t without limits and it’s far circumscribed by using the prohibition in opposition to undue regulations on alienation of property beneath regulation. The case stays an important reference point for prison debates environment problems this type of property rights, testamentary freedom and the sensitive balance between people autonomy and criminal constrains underpinning the legal guidelines regarding property possession.

Rosher vs. Rosher, 1884

Author: Mudit Vikaram Singh a 3rd year student at Bareilly College, Bareilly.

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